SCREENINGS WE OFFER
What it is?
When do you need it?
A Pap smear is conducted to screen for cervical cancer. It is often done along with a pelvic exam. In women older than 30, a Pap smear is also done with a test for a human papillomavirus (HPV), a common sexually transmitted disease that causes cervical cancer. Doctors recommend Pap screening begin at age 21, and they should be repeated every 3 years until age 65. If you have certain risk factors, your doctor may recommend more frequent Pap smears, including:
- Diagnosis of cervical cancer or a Pap smear that showed precancerous cells
- History of smoking
- HIV infection
- Weakened immune system
How to prepare?
- Try not to schedule a Pap smear during your menstrual period.
- Avoid intercourse, douching, or using any vaginal medicines or spermicidal foams, creams or jellies for two days before having a Pap smear, as these may wash away or obscure abnormal cells.
During the procedure:
- The procedure occurs in the doctor’s office and takes only a few minutes. You may be asked to undress completely or from the waist down.
- You will be asked to lie down on a table with your knees bent, and your heels rest in support called stirrups.
- Your doctor will then insert an instrument called a speculum into the vagina in order to more easily see the cervix. This usually causes a sensation of pressure in the cervical area.
- Your doctor will take samples of your cervical cells using a soft brush and a flat scraping device called spatula. This usually does not hurt.
After the procedure:
- You can go about your day normally.
- The samples are transferred to a laboratory where they’re examined under a microscope to look for cells that indicate cancer or a precancerous condition.
- A positive result does not mean you have cervical cancer. A positive result depends on the type of cells discovered in your test.
- If your result is abnormal, your doctor may perform a procedure called a colposcopy to further examine the tissues of the cervix, vagina and vulva.
Screenings (with ages)
- Age 50 for men who are at average risk of prostate cancer and are expected to live at least 10 more years
- Age 45 for men at high risk of developing prostate cancer. This includes African Americans and men who have a first-degree relative (father or brother) diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early age (younger than age 65).
- Age 40 for men at even higher risk (those with more than one first-degree relative who had prostate cancer at an early age)
Bone density Study
- The first one is called A1C test which is able to detect if a person has diabetes and which type they have. The procedure is done by pricking a person’s finger, which allows the doctor to get a blood sample. The blood sample provides the doctor with information about the person’s blood sugar level. By this information, the doctor is able to tell if the patient is at risk for diabetes or if they already have it.
- The other test is called Glucose Tolerance Test, which measures a person’s blood sugar before and after they drink a liquid that includes glucose. The procedure includes the doctor giving the patient a blood test to get their initial blood sugar level. Later, the person drinks a liquid that has glucose adn then their blood sugar level is monitored for two hours. If the blood sugar level is high, the doctor can conclude that the patient has diabetes.